CHSPR Conference Poster References

Some colleagues and I are presenting a poster at the Centre for Health Services & Policy Research conference on March 7-8, 2019. Rather than cluttering up our poster with a reference list, we are putting our references online here and our poster will have a QR code linked to this page. So if you’ve come looking for the references from our poster, you’ve come to the right place!

  1. American Society for Quality. (2017). What is audit? Retrieved from American Society for Quality:
  2. Baily, M. A., Bottrell, M., Lynn, J., & Jennings, B. (2006). The Ethics of Using QI Methods to Improve Health Care Quality and Safety. RAND Corporation. Retrieved from
  3. Benjamin, A. (2008). Audit: how to do it in practice. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 336(7655), 1241.
  4. Canadian Evaluation Society. (2015, October). What is Evaluation. Retrieved March 3, 2017, from Canadian Evaluation Society:
  5. Cook, P. F., & Lowe, N. K. (2012). Differentiating the Scientific Endeavors of Research, Program Evaluation, and Quality Improvement Studies. Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing, 41(1), 1-3.
  6. Council for International Development. (2014, June). Monitoring Versus Evaluation. Retrieved March 3, 2017, from Council for International Development:
  7. Hedges, C. (2009). Pulling It All Together: QI, EBP, and Research. Nursing management. Nursing management, 40(4), 10-12.
  8. Hill, S. L., & Small, N. (2006). Differentiating Between Research, Audit and Quality Improvement: Governance Implications. Clinical Governance: An International Journal, 11(2), 98-10
  9. Naidoo, N. (2011). What is Research? A Conceptual Understanding. African Journal of Emergency Medicine, 1(1), 47-48.
  10. Newhouse, R. P., Pettit, J. C., Poe, S., & Rocco, L. (2006). The Slippery Slope: Differentiating between Quality Improvement and Research. Journal of Nursing Administration, 36(4), 211-219.
  11. Shirey, M. R., Hauck, S. L., Embree, J. L., Kinner, T. J., Schaar, G. L., Phillips, L. A., . . . McCool, I. A. (2011). Showcasing Differences Between Quality Improvement, Evidence-Based Practice, and Research. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 42(2), 57-68
  12. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2009, 01 15). Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects. Retrieved March 3, 2017, from Office for Human Research Protections – U.S. Department of Health & Human Services:
  13. United States Government Accountability Office. (2011, May). Performance Measurement and Evaluation: Definitions and Relationships. Retrieved March 3, 2017, from Program Performance Assessment:
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